The treatment of choice for dogs with hip dysplasia depends on age, size of the patient and severity of the problem. Numerous options are available to treat hip dysplasia. The first option is non-surgical management. Many dogs with mild to moderate hip dysplasia can live with the problem fairly well. Weight management and moderate exercise is usually appropriate. Some form of pain medication is usually needed. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Rimadyl may be needed either daily or intermittently depending on the severity of the problem. Glucosamine and other holistic products may be helpful as well in cases of mild to moderate hip dysplasia (these options should be discussed with your family veterinarian). Acupuncture may also be effective in pain relief. Stem cell therapy is the latest non-surgical treatment proposed by some veterinarians. Bone marrow or fat derived stem cells may improve comfort for a limited time by mediating inflammation. Stem cell therapy has no chance of resurfacing the joint with new cartilage despite claims made by stem cell companies.
If hip dysplasia is affecting the life style of the patient, and the dog isn't active or doesn't want to play, due to chronic pain or judged to be moderate to severe, surgical intervention may be needed. Four surgical options exist: